Goldfish (lat. Carassius auratus auratus) subspecies of the freshwater fish of the genus carp. Her ancestor was domesticated by the man in the VII century ad, and is one of the most popular aquarium fish, presented to a group of breeds of domestic aquatic animals, obtained as a result of centuries of hybridization and directional selection individuals with certain accidental characteristics, resulting from mutations. One of the obsolete naming all home and pond “goldfish” was “gold carp”, derived from General scientific systematic names, Carp.
The history of breeding goldfish Asia has at least a Millennium and originated from children’s hobby to collecting in which the housing was offered and developed in cages, in pens, in wells, in tubs and barrels for all small and medium animals — as the first kind of Pets at home. Continue reading
The structure of the pharynx is also closely linked to feeding habits of fish. As indicated, the number and structure of Gill rakers may be very different — from a few small hard bumps predatory fish to a complex network of frequent rakers in silver carp — Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Val.), litumelo planktonic algae. The mullets — Mugili – dae — muscular throat adapted for crushing lisovogo clump, consisting of detritus and vegetation. Some fish developed teeth on the pharyngeal bones. Some they are on top – and ninepatch bones, as, for example, wrasses — Labridae, or only ninepatch, as, for example, cyprinids — Cyprinidae.
Haeckel (1843) divides nizhnelomovskie teeth of cyprinid by the nature of the structure related to their function into four types:
1) hollowed — excavati, a type of Longhorn beetle,
2) chewing — mastic torii, a type of carp, Continue reading
Many aquarists aquarium catfish love for these small fish belonging to the order of catfishes of ray-finned class, not only pleasing to the eye with their cute whiskered faces, brightness and variety of colors, but these are cleaners, nurses aquariums, cleaning aquarium from the rest of the feed and its walls – from the slime, algae and other fouling.
To describe in one article all
this wonderful fish is impossible: collective term “soma” refers to over 3000 species from 36 families, of which more than 800 kept in aquariums across the world. So in this article we will cover the most common ones.
The most popular, classic type of aquarium catfish is mottled corydoras (Corydoras paleatus), which belongs to the family of armored catfishes. As this and other tetras hiding peace loving, unpretentious, active and not grow to a large size. Feed these amazing fish food left over from other fish, and live well with other species. Continue reading