Black sea (Pont Evxs)
The greatest length of the Black sea from North to South — 580 km and a maximum depth of 2210 m, the average — 1240 m. the salinity of the water is approximately 18 ppm. The depth increases pretty quickly. Over a sloping beach near Evpatoria, Feodosia. On the South coast, in mountain areas, the depth increases more rapidly: a few meters from the shore you have to swim (or, in the alternative, to swim along the shore). Be careful, even at a short distance from the shore can be strong currents to deal with which is not prepared person is quite difficult. But mostly this does not apply to places of mass bathing (if not to swim too far). Waters of the Black sea, as a rule, not susceptible to freezing. The average sea temperature in winter ranges from +6 to +8 degrees, in summer — from +22 to +24 degrees (can warm up to 26 degrees in a particularly hot summer). However, it is worth noting that the Black sea could throw a “surprise”: one day deep cold currents cool the coastal waters up to 12 degrees, even on hot summer days, but it is rare. As for the climate on the black sea coast of Crimea, winters are mild, the temperature rarely drops below +5°C. the Average temperature on the coast in July is +25 C-C—+27°C. the Maximum temperature is not very high due to sm jsoucy effect of water reservoir and Sassicaia exceed 37°C. the flora of the sea includes 270 species of multicellular green, brown, red benthic algae. In the Black sea is home to 2.5 million species of animals. At the bottom of the Black sea inhabited by mussels, oysters, pecten, and the mollusc-predator Rapana included with vehicles from the Far East. In the crevices of the coastal cliffs and among the rocks is home to many crabs, there are shrimps, there are various kinds of jellyfish (the most common are Aurelia and kornerot), sea anemones, sponges. Among the fish species in the Black sea: different kinds of bulls, Azov anchovy, black sea anchovy (anchovy) shark-spiny dogfish, flatfish-Glossa, flounder-Kalkan, a mullet of five species, lofar, hake (hake), sea ruff, barbula (common black sea mullet), haddock, mackerel, horse mackerel, black sea-Azov sea herring, black sea-Azov sea sprat, garfish, sea horse, etc. Meet sturgeon (Beluga, stellate sturgeon, black sea-Azov (Russian) and Atlantic sturgeon). The only mass shark living in the Black sea is a spiny shark (spiny dogfish) – rarely grow more than five feet in length, is afraid of people and rarely comes to shore, holding in the cold water layers at depth.