Great white shark (lat. Carcharodon carcharias)
Great white shark, the heroine of the novel by P. Benchley “Jaws” and the movie of the same name, has a bad reputation as man-eater. Yes, it is the world’s largest predatory fish and a great hunter. But if she is so bloodthirsty towards people as we are shown in various films?
Small colonies of white sharks are regularly observed at the southern coast of Australia, off the coast of California and South Africa, in the Red sea, in the Central part of the Adriatic and the Mediterranean sea, off the coast of New Zealand, in the Caribbean sea, off Madagascar, Kenya, Seychelles and the coast of Mauritius. This, of course, not all places where you can accidentally encounter this formidable mistress of the seas and oceans.
The habitat of the great white shark
Occasionally great white sharks organize migration. Allocate 2 main route. the first extends from Baja California (Mexico) and from “White shark Café” (white shark Café) and back, and the second from the shores of South Africa and to the southern coast of Australia. What is this annual migration while none of the scientists just can not say.
Most of the time the shark spends in the upper water column. But sometimes it can dive to a depth of 1000 meters.
The great white shark possesses a number of characteristics that set it apart ostalnije. First, is the size of it. Average adult length is 2.5 to 3.5 – meter specimens and larger – up to 5-6 meters. Some argue that this is not the limit, and great white sharks can grow to 7 metres, but the true facts of this was found. The largest caught by an instance of currently known shark with a length of 6.4 meters, caught in 1945 in Cuban waters. 5-6 metre shark may weigh from 700 kg to 2.5 tonnes.
Second, protective coating. Back and head of a shark painted in a dark gray color. This allows it to remain unnoticed for mining, floating on top, as its dark shadow dissolving in dark blue water. The lower part of the oblong body is light. Look at the shark from below, I understand that bright belly allows it to “get lost” at the water surface on the background of the bright sky.
Grey back and white belly
Like many sharks, the teeth are arranged in 3 rows. Each tooth is provided with notches, which perform a kind of role saw while tearing pieces of meat from the body of the prey. In case of loss of front teeth, they quickly replaced rear.