Black sea (Pont Evxs)
The greatest length of the Black sea from North to South — 580 km and a maximum depth of 2210 m, the average — 1240 m. the salinity of the…

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5 most dangerous inhabitants of the sea of Japan and Okinawa
Going to Japan on holiday or for permanent residence, should know and remember about the five most dangerous Japanese sea creatures. Because sooner or later you will want to take…

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feeding

Aquarium fishes – a complete encyclopedia beginner aquarist

Encyclopedia aquarist: My Pets – aquarium fishes- the Russian version is very easy to use, detailed and informative guide to the content of aquarium

Amazing electronic encyclopedia containing detailed information on nutrition and care of aquarium fish, with descriptions of fishes, with advice on maintaining the health of plants and fish, recommended requirements and conditions necessary for cultivation in house conditions even the most delicate and demanding species in your aquarium.

Aquarium fish – download encyclopedia of aquarium maintenance, feeding, care, health, breeding.

Electronic encyclopedia aquarist, which can be downloaded by the links below can be a great Advisor and teacher not only for aspiring owners of fish tanks, plants, shells, etc. and for experienced aquarists who already have their own experience in the aquarium maintenance and breeding of aquarium fish. Continue reading

The structure of the pharynx, the feeding of fish.

The structure of the pharynx is also closely linked to feeding habits of fish. As indicated, the number and structure of Gill rakers may be very different — from a few small hard bumps predatory fish to a complex network of frequent rakers in silver carp — Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Val.), litumelo planktonic algae. The mullets — Mugili – dae — muscular throat adapted for crushing lisovogo clump, consisting of detritus and vegetation. Some fish developed teeth on the pharyngeal bones. Some they are on top – and ninepatch bones, as, for example, wrasses — Labridae, or only ninepatch, as, for example, cyprinids — Cyprinidae.

Haeckel (1843) divides nizhnelomovskie teeth of cyprinid by the nature of the structure related to their function into four types:

1) hollowed — excavati, a type of Longhorn beetle,

2) chewing — mastic torii, a type of carp, Continue reading

Aquarium fish

Fish is one of the ancient groups of vertebrates living on Earth over 300 million years. They now inhabit most waters of the globe, despite the different conditions of existence in them. For a long period of evolutionary development and adaptation to life under different conditions has resulted in an extraordinary diversity of fish species.

In home aquariums usually contain a warm-water exotic fish. They have bright coloration, small size and habit of living at a stable temperature. Fish that do not tolerate temperatures below 18-20 degrees, are warm, but some time most of them may exist without much harm to themselves at lower temperatures.

Aquarium fish can live in the bottom layers of water, such as various catfish, in medium – size viviparous toothcarps. There are kinds of aquarium fish living in the upper layers of water. Depends on the shape of the aquarium to the content of specific fish species. Continue reading